Epilepsy in the tropics: Emerging etiologies

Epilepsy is considered by the World Health Organization a public health priority with more than 50 million human beings affected by the disease. More than 80% of persons with epilepsy live in low and middle income countries and most of them in Tropical areas. Several emerging, re-emerging and neglected diseases are symptomatic etiologies that jointly contribute to the enormous global burden of epilepsy. Besides the clinical strengths to reduce diagnostic and treatment gaps, other strategies in social, economic, cultural, educational ...

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Using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) on patients with epilepsy: Confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch models

People with epilepsy are in high risk of having mood disorders: up to 55% of people with refractory epilepsy may have depression [1,2]. A study even found that the prevalence of people with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy having psychiatric disorders up to 70% [3]. Due to the high prevalence of mood disorders, people with epilepsy showed a higher suicide rate (12%) than the general population (∼1%) [4]. As a result, measuring the mood disorder in terms of anxiety and depression ...

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