Reproductive decision‐making in families containing multiple individuals with epilepsy

Summary

Objective

This study evaluated factors influencing reproductive decision‐making in families containing multiple individuals with epilepsy.

Methods

One hundred forty‐nine adults with epilepsy and 149 adult biological relatives without epilepsy from families containing multiple affected individuals completed a self‐administered questionnaire. Participants answered questions regarding their belief in a genetic cause of epilepsy (genetic attribution) and estimated risk of epilepsy in offspring of an affected person. Participants rated factors for their influence on their reproductive plans, with responses ranging from “much more likely” to “much ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Time to onset of cannabidiol (CBD) treatment effect in Lennox–Gastaut syndrome: Analysis from two randomized controlled trials

Abstract

Objective

To estimate time to onset of cannabidiol (CBD) treatment effect (seizure reduction and adverse events [AEs]), we conducted post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, placebo‐controlled, Phase 3 trials, GWPCARE3 (NCT02224560) and GWPCARE4 (NCT02224690), of patients with Lennox–Gastaut syndrome.

Methods

Patients received plant‐derived pharmaceutical formulation of highly purified CBD (Epidiolex, 100 mg/ml oral solution) at 10 mg/kg/day (CBD10; GWPCARE3) or 20 mg/kg/day (CBD20; both trials) or placebo for 14 weeks. Treatment started at 2.5 mg/kg/day for all groups and reached 10 mg/kg/day on Day 7 and 20 mg/kg/day ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Valproate usage in pregnancy: An audit from the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy

Summary

Objective

This is an audit of the use of valproate (VPA) during pregnancy in women with epilepsy (WWE).

Methods

We identified all pregnancies exposed to VPA in the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy between January 2010 and December 2019. Subjects’ past usage of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), seizure count before and during pregnancy, fetal outcome, and major congenital malformations (MCMs) were abstracted from the registry records. The presumed reason for usage of VPA was deducted from the clinical records.

Results

There were 221 pregnancies (17.75%) ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Localization of interictal discharge origin: A simultaneous intracranial electroencephalographic–functional magnetic resonance imaging study

Abstract

Objective

Scalp electroencephalographic (EEG)–functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest that the maximum blood oxygen level‐dependent (BOLD) response to an interictal epileptiform discharge (IED) identifies the area of IED generation. However, the maximum BOLD response has also been reported in distant, seemingly irrelevant areas. Given the poor postoperative outcomes associated with extra‐temporal lobe epilepsy, we hypothesized this finding is more common when analyzing extratemporal IEDs as compared to temporal IEDs. We further hypothesized that a subjective, holistic assessment of other significant ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Epilepsy surgery: Late seizure recurrence after initial complete seizure freedom

Abstract

Objective

This study was undertaken to improve understanding of late relapse following epilepsy surgery in pharmacoresistant epilepsy.

Methods

Retrospective comparison was made of 99 of 1278 patients undergoing surgery during 1999–2015 with seizure relapses after at least 2 years of complete seizure freedom with matched controls experiencing continued long‐term seizure freedom. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results

With a mean follow‐up of 9.7 years, mean time to seizure relapse was 56.6 months. In multivariate analysis, incomplete resection based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bilateral lesions on preoperative ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Epilepsy in children with Congenital Zika Syndrome: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Abstract

Objectives

To estimate the overall frequency of epilepsy in children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and describe the profile of seizures and the response rate to anti‐epileptic treatment in this group of patients.

Methods

A systematic review and meta‐analysis were conducted following the Cochrane Handbook and preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta‐analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and LILACS were searched until June 23, 2020. Observational studies that evaluated the frequency of epilepsy in children diagnosed with CZS according ...

Seguir leyendo →
0

Early epileptiform EEG activity in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex predicts epilepsy and neurodevelopmental outcomes

Summary

Objective

To study the association between timing and characteristics of the first electroencephalography (EEG) with epileptiform discharges (ED‐EEG) and epilepsy and neurodevelopment at 24 months in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

Methods

Patients enrolled in the prospective Epileptogenesis in a genetic model of epilepsy – Tuberous sclerosis complex (EPISTOP) trial, had serial EEG monitoring until the age of 24 months. The timing and characteristics of the first ED‐EEG were studied in relation to clinical outcome. Epilepsy‐related outcomes were analyzed separately in a conventionally followed ...

Seguir leyendo →
0
Página 1 de 139 12345...»