Sociocultural representations of epilepsy in the Central African Republic: a door-to-door survey

Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disorder with a global estimate of about 70 million cases of lifetime epilepsy (1). More than 80% of people with epilepsy (PWE) live in developing countries (2). The median lifetime epilepsy prevalence has been reported at 15.4 per 1,000 for rural and 10.3 for urban studies in developing countries (1). Epilepsy prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa varies widely from country to country due to different risk factors (3). A meta-analysis found that the global ...

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Very long-term outcome in resected and non-resected patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with medial temporal lobe sclerosis: a multiple case-study

Epilepsy surgery is the most effective treatment option for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with a “good outcome” (i.e., usually seizure- free for at least one year, auras not considered) for about 65% of patients in epilepsy surgery in general [1]. Patients’ decisions in favor of or against surgery are based on a complex trade-off between the chances of seizure-freedom and patients’ subjective expectations [2], on the one hand, and the risks of postoperative cognitive decline [3,4] and further neurological ...

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Ryanodine receptor 2 (RYR2) mutation: a potentially novel neurocardiac calcium channelopathy manifesting as primary generalised epilepsy

Ryanodine receptor 2 (RYR2) mutation is well-established in the aetiology of an inherited cardiac disorder known as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). The RYR2 receptor is expressed in cardiomyocytes, and also in the hippocampus. The RYR2 mutation has not been reported as a potential cause of adult-onset genetic generalised epilepsy (GGE).

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The effect of perampanel on aggression and depression in patients with epilepsy: A short-term prospective study

A variety of psychiatric symptoms are encountered in patients with epilepsy (PWE), which are now widely recognized to have effects more important than seizure frequency and may also be a more powerful determinant of quality of life in that population [1]. There is a large variety of factors associated with psychiatric symptoms in PWE. For effective treatment, it is important to first disentangle the amalgamated complex and focus attention on more potent determinants, while some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) must be ...

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Depression and quality of life in patients with epilepsy in Northwest Greece

Epilepsy is a frequent neurological disorder with a prevalence of 6.38 per 1,000 persons [1] and approximately 5 million people have been diagnosed with epilepsy worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Patients with epilepsy have a three-fold risk for psychiatric comorbidities compared to the general population [2]. Almost 20-22% of patients with epilepsy suffer from depression [2–7], while its prevalence may reach 60% in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy [8,9].

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Depression in people with epilepsy in West China: Status, risk factors and treatment gap

There are many comorbidities in people with epilepsy (PWE), with depression being the most frequent comorbidity. The lifetime prevalence for depression is around 10% in the general population [1] but is estimated at 30% in PWE [2]. A bidirectional relationship between depression and epilepsy was described more than 2000 years ago [3]. Depression may lower the seizure threshold [4]. Many recent epidemiological studies have found that the presence of primary depressive disorder was associated with a three to seven fold ...

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Association of cutaneous adverse drug reactions due to antiepileptic drugs with HLA alleles in a North Indian Population

Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), particularly aromatic ones like Carbamazepine (CBZ), Phenytoin (PHT), Phenobarbitone (PB), and Lamotrigine (LTG), are responsible for various cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs). These vary from minor Maculopapular exanthema (MPE) to severe life-threatening reactions like Drug reaction eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), which may develop within few hours to even several weeks after AED initiation.

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Resident training and interrater agreements using the ACNS critical care EEG terminology

Nonconvulsive status epilepticus is an important diagnosis to consider when patients present with altered level of consciousness. NCSE has been documented in approximately 8% of comatose patients admitted to ICU without clinical signs of seizure activity [1]. Delay in the diagnosis of NCSE > 24 hours results in increased mortality from 39% to 75% [2]. An EEG is essential for the diagnosis of NCSE.

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A neuropsychological model for the pre-surgical evaluation of children with focal-onset epilepsy: An integrated approach

Epilepsy is now recognized as a network disorder and this conceptualization is central to the ILAE Classification System [1–4]. In clinical practice this framework requires the clinician to think broadly in terms of the range of deficits that can be associated with focal-onset epilepsies, including temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). Pre-surgical decision-making has traditionally focused on the localization and lateralization of function, which is seemingly juxtaposed to the network approach.

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Predictors of seizure reduction outcome after vagus nerve stimulation in drug-resistant epilepsy

About 30–40% of epilepsy patients whose seizures cannot be controlled with two well-tolerated, appropriately chosen, and used antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are considered to have drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) [1]. Even with adequate access to surgical treatment and further AEDs trials, 61.1% of patients with DRE have ongoing seizures [2]. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as adjunct therapy to reduce the frequency of seizures in adults with DRE [3].

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