Transition to adult care in epilepsy: a systematic review

Every year, around 1.1 million children with epilepsy become adults (1, 2). This occurs during adolescence, an important stage for physical and psychological development. While this phase of life is challenging for anyone, young persons with epilepsy (YPE) often have extra difficulties such as social stigma, mental health and neurodevelopmental issues, isolation, and perceived lack of independence (3-5). YPE have worse psychosocial outcomes in adulthood, even those with pharmacoresponsive epilepsy syndromes associated with intelligence quotients (IQ) within the normal range (6, 7).