Post-traumatic stress spectrum symptoms in parents of children affected by epilepsy: gender differences

There is agreement that women have a two to three times higher risk of developing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) compared to men [1]; in particular, for what concern the lifetime prevalence of this disorder, it results to be about 10–12% in women and 5–6% in men [2,3]. Women’s increased rates of PTSD are not fully explained by differential patterns of trauma experiences [2] and studies have been focused on possible psychosocial and biological differences [4,5].