Cognitive outcome of pediatric epilepsy surgery across ages and different types of surgeries: A monocentric 1-year follow-up study in 306 patients of school age

Pediatric patients with epilepsy for whom epilepsy surgery is a treatment option very often profit from this intervention in terms of becoming seizure free. However, while seizure freedom can be achieved in many patients, the eventual neuropsychological costs of successful and even more important of non-successful surgery represent a relevant issue under discussion. Neuropsychological impairments are almost present when epilepsy starts already, they can increase with ongoing epilepsy, and surgery may add to this [1–4].