Imaging modalities to diagnose and localize status epilepticus

Status epilepticus (SE) is one of the most common neurologic emergencies with an overall incidence between 14-40/100,000 people per year. [1–5] There is medical consensus that brain imaging is recommended for all children and adults with new onset localization related seizures or SE [6–9]. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most commonly employed methods to evaluate patients with SE. The aim and utility of imaging studies in SE falls into four overlapping categories: diagnosis, localization, evaluating pathophysiology, and prognostication.