Praxis-induced myoclonia: from the neurophysiologist to the patient perspective

Reflex seizures refer to epileptic seizures triggered immediately or within a short delay by specific motor, sensory, or cognitive stimuli [1], [2]. Praxis induction (PI), one of the well-recognized reflex epileptic traits, is defined as the precipitation of seizures or epileptiform discharges (ED) by complex cognition-guided tasks often involving visuomotor coordination and decision-making, such as playing chess, cards, or other games; calculation; manipulation; drawing; and writing [3]. PI is strongly related to genetic generalized epilepsies, particularly juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).