Presurgical depression and anxiety are not associated with worse epilepsy surgery outcome five years postoperatively

Publication date: June 2018Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 83
Author(s): Hamada H. Altalib, Anne T. Berg, Xiangyu Cong, Barbara G. Vickrey, Michael R. Sperling, Shlomo Shinnar, John T. Langfitt, Thaddeus S. Walczak, Carl W. Bazil, Nitin Sukumar, Orrin Devinsky
PurposeAnxiety and depression have been associated with poor seizure control after epilepsy surgery. This study explored the effect of presurgical anxiety or depression on two- and five-year seizure control outcomes.MethodsAdult subjects were enrolled between 1996 and 2001 in a multicenter prospective study to evaluate outcomes of resective epilepsy surgery. A Poisson regression was used to analyze the association of depression and anxiety with surgical outcome, while adjusting for gender, age, ethnicity, number of years with seizures, and presence of mesial temporal sclerosis.ResultsThe relative risk (RR) of presurgical depression on two-year seizure-free outcome in this cohort is 1.12 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.84–1.49) and 1.06 (CI, 0.73–1.55) on five-year seizure free outcome. The RR of presurgical anxiety on two-year seizure outcome is 0.73 (CI, 0.50–1.07) and 0.70 (CI, 0.43–1.17) on five-year seizure outcome. When including Engel classes I and II, the RRs of presurgical depression, anxiety, or both two years after surgery were 0.96 (p=0.59), 0.73 (p<0.05), and 0.97 (p=0.70), respectively, and they were 0.97 (p=0.82), 0.84 (p=0.32), and 0.89 (p=0.15), respectively, five years after surgery.Only presurgical anxiety was associated with worse epilepsy surgery outcome two year after surgery but not at five years postsurgery. Depression was not a risk factor for poor epilepsy surgical outcome in the long term.ConclusionThese findings from a prospective study that utilized a standardized protocol for psychiatric and seizure outcome assessment suggest that presurgical mood disorders have no substantial impact on postsurgical seizure outcome for up to five years after surgery.