The relevance of timing in nonconvulsive status epilepticus: A series of 38 cases

Publication date: May 2018Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 82
Author(s): Álvaro Gutiérrez-Viedma, Beatriz Parejo-Carbonell, María-Luz Cuadrado, Irene Serrano-García, Belén Abarrategui, Irene García-Morales
BackgroundTiming in the management of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) seems to be one of the most important modifiable prognostic factors. We aimed to determine the precise relationship between timing in NCSE management and its outcome.MethodsWe performed a cross-sectional study in which clinical data were prospectively obtained from all consecutive adults with NCSE admitted to our hospital from 2014 to 2016. Univariate and multivariable regression analyses were performed to identify clinical and timing variables associated with NCSE prognosis.ResultsAmong 38 NCSE cases, 59.9% were women, and 39.5% had prior epilepsy history. The median time to treatment (TTT) initiation and the median time to assessment by a neurologist (TTN) were 5h, and the median time to first electroencephalography assessment was 18.5h; in the cases with out-of-hospital onset (n=24), the median time to hospital (TTH) arrival was 2.8h. The median time to NCSE control (TTC) was 16.5h, and it positively correlated with both the TTH (Spearman’s rho: 0.439) and the TTT (Spearman’s rho: 0.683). In the multivariable regression analyses, the TTC was extended 1.7h for each hour of hospital arrival delay (p=0.01) and 2.7h for each hour of treatment delay (p<0.001). Recognition delay was more common in the episodes with in-hospital onset, which also had longer TTN and TTC, and increased morbidity.ConclusionsThere were pervasive delays in all phases of NCSE management. Delays in hospital arrival or treatment initiation may result in prolonged TTC. Recognition of in-hospital episodes may be more delayed, which may lead to poorer prognosis in these cases.