“Atypical forms” of benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS): How to diagnose and guide these children. A practical/scientific approach

Publication date: October 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 75
Author(s): Pasquale Parisi, Maria Chiara Paolino, Umberto Raucci, Alessandro Ferretti, Maria Pia Villa, Dorothee Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite
Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) epilepsy, also known as rolandic epilepsy, is the most common childhood type of epilepsy. There is debate on its “benign” definition given the numerous literature data on its correlation to cognitive morbidity. Although its prognosis is often favorable, BECTS can present or evolve however to an atypical form, characterized by a worse prognosis and negative impact on cognitive development. It is possible that abnormal electrical activity, marker of neurological dysfunction, has the potential to disrupt neural network function and development. Numerous studies tried to identify clinical or electroencephalographic criteria for atypical forms and atypical evolution of BECTS in order to guide follow-up and treatment of patients and to predict their outcome. This review provides a compact summery of literature data with a focus on predictive features of future cognitive decline.