An acidosis-sparing ketogenic (ASK) diet to improve efficacy and reduce adverse effects in the treatment of refractory epilepsy

Publication date: September 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 74
Author(s): Alan W.C. Yuen, Isabel A. Walcutt, Josemir W. Sander
Diets that increase production of ketone bodies to provide alternative fuel for the brain are evolving from the classic ketogenic diet for epilepsy devised nearly a century ago. The classic ketogenic diet and its more recent variants all appear to have similar efficacy with approximately 50% of ...

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Neurobehavioral consequences of continuous spike and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) in a pediatric population: A pattern of developmental hindrance

Publication date: September 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 74
Author(s): Valentina De Giorgis, Melissa Filippini, Joyce Ann Macasaet, Silvia Masnada, Pierangelo Veggiotti

Introduction
Continuous spike and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) is a typical EEG pattern defined as diffuse, bilateral and recently also unilateral or focal localization spike–wave occurring in slow sleep or non-rapid eye movement sleep. Literature results so far point out ...

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Topiramate-associated sexual dysfunction: A systematic review

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Louis Wei-Hsi Chen, Melody Yun-Si Chen, Kuo-Yen Chen, Hung-Sheng Lin, Chia-Chang Chien, Hsin-Ling Yin

Introduction
Sexual pharmacotoxicity renders patients with epilepsy at a risk for sexual dysfunction (SD). This study is aimed to analyze the relationship between sexual function and topiramate to avoid topiramate-associated SD.
Methods
A systematic review ...

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Impaired responsibility dimension of self-esteem of Brazilian adolescents with epilepsy

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Nathália F. Siqueira, Fernando L.B.B. Oliveira, Elisabete Abib Pedroso de Souza
This study aimed to compare the self-esteem of Brazilian adolescents with epilepsy and Brazilian adolescents without this condition and the correlations between self-esteem of these adolescents with depression and anxiety symptoms. Study participants were 101 adolescents of both sexes, aged 10–19years old, from elementary ...

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Analytic information processing style in epilepsy patients

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Marzia Buonfiglio, Francesco Di Sabato, Silvia Mandillo, Mariarita Albini, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Annateresa Giallonardo, Giuliano Avanzini
Relevant to the study of epileptogenesis is learning processing, given the pivotal role that neuroplasticity assumes in both mechanisms.Recently, evoked potential analyses showed a link between analytic cognitive style and altered ...

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Cognitive outcome after epilepsy surgery in children: A controlled longitudinal study

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Valentina Sibilia, Carmen Barba, Tiziana Metitieri, Giovanni Michelini, Flavio Giordano, Lorenzo Genitori, Renzo Guerrini

Objective
To analyze the determinants of cognitive outcome two years after surgery for drug-resistant epilepsy in a cohort of 31 children when compared to a control group of 14 surgical candidates who had yet to ...

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Atomoxetine, a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, reduces seizure-induced respiratory arrest

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Honghai Zhang, Haiting Zhao, Hua-Jun Feng
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a devastating epilepsy complication, and no effective preventive strategies are currently available for this fatal disorder. Clinical and animal studies of SUDEP demonstrate that seizure-induced respiratory arrest (S-IRA) is the primary event leading to death after generalized seizures in many cases. Enhancing brain ...

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Care coordination in epilepsy: Measuring neurologists’ connectivity using social network analysis

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Hamada Hamid Altalib, Brenda T. Fenton, Kei-Hoi Cheung, Mary Jo V. Pugh, Jonathan Bates, Thomas W. Valente, Robert D. Kerns, Cynthia A. Brandt

Objective
The study sought to quantify coordination of epilepsy care, over time, between neurologists and other health care providers using social network analysis (SNA). Seguir leyendo →
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Seizure-related variables are predictive of attention and memory in children with epilepsy

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Danielle N. Lordo, Ryan Van Patten, Eliana L. Sudikoff, Lisa Harker
Children with epilepsy (CWE) are at greater risk for cognitive deficits and behavioral difficulties than are typically developing healthy children, and particular epileptic symptoms and treatments may contribute to this risk. The current study examined the relationships between four seizure-related variables and attention ...

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Epileptic vs psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: a video-based survey

Publication date: August 2017Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 73
Author(s): Danielle Wasserman, Moshe Herskovitz
Psychogenic non epileptic seizures (PNES) are present in up to 30% of patients undergoing video EEG. Delay in PNES diagnosis is an average of 7.2years. Patients are exposed to costly, hazardous medications and other iatrogenic morbidities. Our aim was to investigate the ability to correctly diagnose ES from PNES in different groups and ...

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