Persistent knowledge gaps between 2005 and 2020 in women with epilepsy: Comparison of multicenter studies from Germany

Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurologic conditions affecting women and men of all ages [16]. Studies suggest that epilepsy has a slightly higher incidence in men, associated with a higher prevalence and an increased seizure burden [20]; however, women experience specific conditions, such as cyclical hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, breastfeeding periods, and acting as the primary caregiver during childrearing, that require particular attention. Women with epilepsy (WWE) require access to specific counseling and comprehensive information regarding the interactions of epilepsy with contraception and pregnancy and hormonal effects on seizure control and bone mineral density.